This is one of the best articles defining the great break in human knowledge that has shattered our previous world paradigm. The modern world was based on the scientific method forcing empirical testing of logically constructed hypotheses.
We are now moving past that to an earlier from more suited to our default limitations. That is observation of the results of vast arrays of data far beyond our ability to analyze. This is not, as it appears, a denial of the determination of laws based on theory and confirmed by limited testing but a short cut provided by ML systems that draw direct knowledge from reality.
This is fundamentally disruptive to the masters of the old “modern” paradigm that was used to create the world we inhabit. That was the peak in human innovation and knowledge in our history. But its limitations are clear in nonlinear complexity on one side and on the inability to create rules and explanations understandable by more than a small percentage of our species on the other.