Thanks for the comments. In Western History the writing of history is attributed to Herodotus based in his effort to write only what could be confirmed. The distinction from Chinese historiographical tradition is a clearer focus on the future as I’ve said here. Praise and Blame is analysis for future action.

We had that up to the mid 20th century but it was in decline. One of the last forms of this was Winston Churchill's massive history of the 2nd world war.

We need to return to this to link historical knowledge to public reality. History requires and provides constant reinterpretation but must be evaluated on the basis of cultural perspectives. It is not science but continuous ethical and moral analysis against the long duration of human memory.

Short termism has no balance and no foundation. Everything can be fake.

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Educator, CIO, retired entrepreneur, grandfather with occasional fits of humor in the midst of disaster. . .

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